Category Archives: History

Heddels and P.F. Flyers create the Mercury All-American space sneakers

Heddels clothing guide has collaborated with the P.F. Flyers athletic shoe company to create a limited edition shoe inspired by the sneakers and the space suits worn by the Mercury astronauts in the early Space Age. The story of the connection of P.F. Flyers to the Mercury program and how the new shoes came about is told by Heddels’ David Shuck in Heddels CO-OP 3: The PF Flyers Mercury All-American

The concept was to make a shoe that was a microcosm of Project Mercury itself, incorporating as many materials and designs from the original program as possible. Mercury was NASA’s first attempt at putting a person into space, so everything they created was wholly original. It was also the late 1950s, where the boom of industrial technology development in World War II continued to advance at a breakneck pace. As a result, many of the artifacts from Mercury are crude customizations made from totally new materials.

“Space age” often evokes images of sleek minimalistic designs, Mercury, however, was anything but that. The suits themselves have an enormous amount of handwork and “aftermarket” customization (think more Star Wars than Star Trek). As astronauts and scientists discovered problems with their designs, they often built over them, rather than start from scratch.

See also Shiny space shoes: ‘Mercury All American’ sneakers styled after astronaut footwear | collectSPACE.


Video: TMRO 11.03 – First to the Moon Kickstarter

The latest episode of is now available in the archive: First to the Moon Kickstarter – Orbit 11.03 – TMRO

We welcome back Paul Hildebrandt the director of an upcoming Apollo 8 Documentary, “First to the Moon”. Paul needs to raise $100,000 in 30 days to make this movie a reality as well as create digital copies of archived film footage to make freely available.

The crowdfunding campaign is at First to the Moon – The Journey of Apollo 8 by Paul Hildebrandt — Kickstarter

New and launch discussion:

Arianespace ordered the final 10 Ariane 5 boosters
Virgin Orbit progressing towards first flight
Get ready for gigabit satellite Internet

Long March 2D Launches LKW-3
Epsilon Launches ASNARO-2
Long March 11 Launches 6 Satellites
Atlas V Launches SBIRS GEO Flight 4

TMRO is viewer supported:

TMRO shows are crowd funded. If you like this episode consider contributing to help us to continue to improve. Head over to for per-episode contribution or for monthly contributions and reward information.

Here is the First to the Moon Kickstarter promotional video:

And here is a recent TMRO Spacepod short report:


Astronaut John Young dies at age of 87

John W. Young, one of the most accomplished astronauts in US history, passed away today at the age of 87. He flew two Gemini missions, two Apollo missions including a landing on the Moon as commander of Apollo 16, and two Shuttle missions, including as commander of the program’s first flight on Shuttle Columbia.

From Lightfoot’s statement:

“Between his service in the U.S. Navy, where he retired at the rank of captain, and his later work as a civilian at NASA, John spent his entire life in service to our country.  His career included the test pilot’s dream of two ‘first flights’ in a new spacecraft — with Gus Grissom on Gemini 3, and as Commander of STS-1, the first space shuttle mission, which some have called ‘the boldest test flight in history.’ He flew as Commander on Gemini 10, the first mission to rendezvous with two separate spacecraft the course of a single flight. He orbited the Moon in Apollo 10, and landed there as Commander of the Apollo 16 mission. On STS-9, his final spaceflight, and in an iconic display of test pilot ‘cool,’ he landed the space shuttle with a fire in the back end. 

John Young during the Gemini 3 mission, March 23, 1965. Credits: NASA

A NASA documentary on Apollo 16:

And a documentary about STS-1, the first Space Shuttle mission:


Books: Thoughts on “Pioneer” + More about Apollo 8

I recently posted an item about the “new” sci-fi novel Pioneer by Robert Zimmerman. While Bob is best known as a space historian and journalist, he produced this work of fiction back in 1982 when he was just starting out on his writing career. He set it aside after he had trouble finding a publisher. He came across the transcript in his files this year and decided it was worth releasing.

I’m glad he made it available. I finally had a chance to read it (always way behind on my reading) and wanted to say I really enjoyed it. The plot was laid out previously so I’ll just point out some aspects of the story and Solar Sci-Fi scenario that I found particularly interesting.

One of the reasons Bob released Pioneer was because of its depiction of a solar system where commercial ventures are prevalent and settlements on Mars and the Moon are being established. This fits well with what we see today with entrepreneurial companies like SpaceX and Blue Origin leading the way in innovations that are making access to space affordable and companies like OneWeb, Planet, and NanoRacks creating new space services and products.

However, the time frame of the book is not the early 21st Century but the late 22nd Century. Perhaps it was a symptom of those pessimistic years just a decade or so after the shutdown of Apollo that Bob could not see such ambitious space progress happening until a couple of centuries had passed. With Elon Musk planning Mars settlements and Jeff Bezo pushing for millions of people living and working in space, a grand expansion of life out into the solar system may happen sooner rather than later.

The technology depicted in the novel is also interesting. The spaceships in Pioneer have propulsion systems that can get the crews to distant parts of the solar system but not very quickly. Missions to the asteroids and outer planets take years to complete. This is a more realistic, down-to-earth scenario, so to speak, than warp drives sending ships to this or that star in days. It’s similar to what we see with deep space probes like Cassini, New Horizons, and Juno. However, it’s also a bit on the pessimistic side. Already there are credible fusion propulsion projects underway (e.g. see here and here) that offer major improvements over chemical propulsion. Perhaps in a coupe of decades, and certainly by the 22nd Century, most parts of the solar system should be accessible in months rather than years.

Bob has mentioned that he greatly under-estimated the rapid advances in micro-electronics and computers. I noticed in Pioneer there is also a lot of cable-handling for communications where today we would use wireless routers.

A writer of a “hard sci-fi” story must decide, though, what technologies will have “futuristic” capabilities and what will be similar to current tech. If everything is depicted as hyper-advanced, then the story may seem too magical, too untethered to reality for the reader to take seriously. It also becomes difficult to create a plot that has hurdles for the characters and their super-tech hardware to struggle against and overcome.

For example, if Bob’s characters had used a computer search tool that instantly returned answers extracted from humanity’s vast storehouse of knowledge, I expect many readers in 1982 would have scoffed. Today we take our browser search tools far too much for granted. They are really as wondrous as anything Merlin ever did in Camelot.

Ultimately, a novel in any genre needs interesting characters in a believable setting and a captivating plot. Pioneer has those things even if it doesn’t have Google.

One of Bob’s best known historical books is Genesis: The Story of Apollo 8, which describes the first time humans left earth’s realm and orbited a distant celestial orb.

A reader points me to a new book on the same mission by Jeffery Kluger: Apollo 8:  The Thrilling Story of the First Mission to the Moon. Kluger talks in the following video about why Apollo 8 ranks with 11 and 13 as the key missions of the Apollo program:

The space art of Nikolai M. Kolchitsky

Check out a sampling of the wonderful artworks from Nikolai Kolchitsky (1907-1979) via Artyom Chitailo (@tty72) | Twitter:

“Mars in the Skies of It’s Moon Deimos” illustration by Nikolai Kolchitsky for the book “The Journey to Distant Worlds” by Karl Gilzin, 1960

More about Kolchitsky: